Roullete is a casino game played on a large felt table on which players place wagers. These wagers are placed on portions of the table corresponding to numbers on which people want to bet. The game features a roulette wheel, which includes a 31- or 32-inch bowl-shaped base that sits outside of the wheel. The bowl has a track with a one-inchwide groove running around the circumference. This is where the Dealer spins the roulette ball. The wheel head spins counterclockwise. It has 38 pockets separated with metal separators or frets. Eighteen pockets are red, eighteen are black, and the other two are green. Pockets are numbered 0 through 36. In America, the extra pocket is numbered 00. Pockets are numbered so that high, low, odd, and even numbers and red and black colors alternate.
Roulette tables may have single layouts or doubleend tables with two layouts. The number of roulette dealers depends on which type of table is in use. A single layout table is staffed by two Casino Roulette Dealers or a Dealer and an assistant. They are also called croupiers. The double-end tables may have three or four dealers. Dealers usually work for 40 minutes, then go on break and are replaced by another Dealer. They stand during play. As a rule, they are expected to wear uniforms. The Roulette Dealer is responsible for staffing the roulette table. The individual is expected to oversee the conduct of the game. On a single layout table one Dealer is responsible for selling chips to players. The individual must keep track of the value of the chips each player has on the table. The Dealer does this near the wheel by placing numbered buttons also known as lammers next to each color chip to illustrate the value. This is especially important when the player wants to cash out. In this manner the Dealer knows how much to pay each player. The Dealer is in charge of spinning the roulette wheel. The individual may be called a wheel roller. The Dealer is also responsible for taking the ball from the last pocket in which it falls. He or she pushes the wheel to make sure it keeps moving. The individual then releases the ball in a clockwise manner onto the track. The Dealer’s responsibility is to call out something to the effect of “no more bets” just as the ball is ready to fall from the back track. At that time, the Dealer and players watch the ball settle into a numbered pocket. The Dealer announces the winning number and color.
The individual then pays off the winning bets as well as collecting all losing bets from the roulette table. The other Dealer working the table is responsible for separating the losing chips. He or she must stack them after the other dealer sweeps them from the layout. This is done by stacking the chips in piles of 20 of the same color. These are then put into the chip rack on the apron of the roulette table. Other duties of the Casino Roulette Dealer may include:
The Casino Roulette Dealer earns an hourly wage ranging between $8.00 and $12.00 or more. Most of his or her earnings, however, come from tips. Tips may also be referred to as tokes. Players who win often tip the Dealer, pushing their hourly wage in some cases to $30 or more. Some Dealers working at tables with high limits may earn $100 to $500 or more per hour in tips. There are some Roulette Dealers who earn approximately $30,000 annually, while others may earn $110,000 or more including tips.
Employment opportunities for Casino Roulette Dealers are excellent and may be found in any casino hosting roulette tables. While people may find employment in any casino in the world, the greatest number of opportunities exist in areas where there are a large number of casinos. Las Vegas, Reno, Laughlin, Lake Tahoe, Atlantic City, Biloxi, Baton Rouge, New Orleans, and Detroit offer the greatest number of job possibilities. Other employment settings include casino hotels in other areas of Nevada, Mississippi, New York, Louisiana, Colorado, Connecticut, Illinois, Arizona, and California. Other regions hosting Indian gaming and landbased or riverboat gaming facilities or cruise ships offer additional opportunities. New casinos and casino hotels are constantly under construction. More casinos and casino hotels are also opening every year as areas legalize gambling. Because casinos are often open 24 hours a day, people may work during the daytime, evening or swing shift, graveyard or overnight shift. Roulette Dealers may be expected to work weekends or holidays.
A Casino Roulette Dealer may take a number of different paths to career advancement. The individual can advance his or her career by obtaining more experience and locating a similar position in a larger or more prestigious casino, resulting in increased tips. Some Roulette Dealers also obtain training and experience in dealing additional casino games. Individuals may also get experience and move on to management positions within the casino, including floorpersons or pit bosses.
A Casino Roulette Dealer must have complete working knowledge of both the casino rules and the procedures of the roulette game. Individuals in this position should be trained in dealing roulette at an accredited gaming school, academy, or institute. Community colleges, vocational technical schools, and casinos themselves may also offer Dealer training. Gaming schools offer classes during the day, evenings, and weekends to accommodate people working in the gaming industry. Some schools also offer classes after the midnight shift and on weekends to further accommodate workers.
Roulette Dealers, like most other casino employees, must usually be licensed in the state in which they work. There are also minimum age requirements. Experience, Skills, and Personality Traits Casino Roulette Dealers should be personable people who enjoy being around others. Interpersonal skills are necessary for success in this career. Showmanship is helpful. Manual dexterity is essential.
Roulette Dealers are not usually unionized in most casinos, although people working on riverboats or cruises may be members of various unions. Dealers may belong to local gaming-related trade associations and organizations.
1. Gaming institutes and schools often offer job placement. Check out the placement rate of various schools in the area before making a choice.
2. Stop by the human resources department of casinos to inquire about job openings.
3. Roulette Dealers, like most other casino game dealers, often must audition for jobs. Get as much experience as possible while in training.
4. Look for new casinos under construction. Apply early.
5. Most casinos have job hotlines. These are frequently updated messages listing job availabilities. Positions as Dealers are often included.
6. Jobs are often advertised in the classified sections of newspapers in areas hosting gaming. Look under classifications such as “Casinos,” “Casino Jobs,” “Casino Opportunities,” “Roulette Dealers,” “Dealers,” or “Gaming.”
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1. Hard Count Attendants also are responsible for emptying drop boxes
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