Depending on the size of bay, the width and length of the bed is decided. Generally bay length varies from 30 to 50 m and width may be 6.4 m or 8 m. Sometimes, however, in a bed width of 100 cm, 5 rows of plants at a distance of 25 cm are planted and middle row is omitted; the distance between the plants in rows is kept 30, cm apart. The double row bed system is better than that of 3 or 4 row beds.
It is extremely difficult to manage 3 or 4 row bed system in India. Between the beds, 60 or 85 cm path is kept. Standard planting distance is 25 cm in rows and spaced 30 cm apart. Some growers adopt spacing of 14 to 18 cm apart in rows. Usually, 60,000 to 70,000 plants are accommodated per hectare.
Plants of one variety have to be planted in the same area for easy cultivation. Plants are piaced in position at required distance, with the root straight down and no bend roots, and the furrows are refilled with loose soil or planting media and then pressed slightly. The time between the plant in the furrows and refilling it should not be more than 5 minutes, to avoid drying out of the roots. The depths of the plants should be such that the budded part is placed at the soil level or maximum 1 cm above after refilling the furrows.
Just after completing one bed, the plants are to be watered, by applying 1 litre of water to each plant. This watering can be done either by hoes pipe or watering can. It is to be checked whether the soil has set around the root. The plants standing too high in the beds must be pushed back or if too deep should be made free from soil; this adjustment is to be done properly at the first instant of watering. The drip lines are also to be checked, so these are placed in the right place. In the first week irrigation through sprinkler or hoes pipe is suggested.
This has to be done several times of necessary, so that the surface does not become dry or may not become muddy. One week after planting drip irrigation is to be started once a day with water ann nutrients. With the proper establishment of plants, drip irrigation can slowly replace the sprinkler irrigation.
During the first two months plants do not have much roots, hence, the plants have to be watered frequently, 5 to 8 times a day depending upon the condition of the media and the plants. Normal rate of irrigation is to be followed after 2 months when the plants bear enough roots.
It must be kept in mind that plants are to be planted in well prepared beds. Six months old budded plants or one year old plants with at least two shoots are ideal. During planting stage much care is needed and the polyhouse should be kept warm, and high humidity is to be maintained
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