Muzzling and handling an injured dog
- ...ntrol agency for help.
Most dogs should be muzzled for just about any handling or treatment that might be frightening or painful. Cloth muzzle...
Treating burns in dogs
- ...or painful. It always heals in about 5 days. A second-degree burn is deeper and there's blistering. These burns are incredibly painful. When there is ...
Lead and Zinc are poisonous to dogs
- ...that contain lead. Toxicity usually requires repeated exposure.
Acute lead intoxication is seen as a vomiting along with a very painful abdome...
Immediate treatment of a wounded dog
- ...de on the fresh wound. Peroxide dissolves clots and starts a brand new round of bleeding. This may also damage the tissues and delay healing. Both met...
Latest "Pets" Articles
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Simple ideas for preventing your dog from biting
(...) When pups bite each other, the puppy that gets bitten will frequently bark differently when the other puppy nips or bites very difficult.
The doggy that is doing the particular biting discovers that after it bites their siblings way too hard, they do not wish to have fun with it anymore. This can help your pup learn how to be gentle. (...)
Treating epilepsy in dogs and puppies
If the diagnosis is truly epilepsy, the attacks must be recurrent and similar. Epileptic seizures usually become more frequent with time. Your veterinarian will ask you to keep a log of the frequency of seizures and to provide a description of the dog's behavior before, during, and after each seizure. (...)
Treating dogs with bladder and urethral stones
(...) The bacteria and urinary sediment form a nidus around which the ammonium phosphate is deposited.
Uric acid stones form in an acid urine, and are frequently associated with inherited alterations in urate metabolism. Dalmatians and Bulldogs are genetically predisposed. (...)
Preparing for dog whelping and some things you should know
(...) This side can be replaced by a taller board when the pups are older.
The floor is much easier to clean and the box easier to store if the sides are removable. Therefore, the sides of the whelping box should not be nailed to the floor. (...)
Tips for feeding a nursing dam
(...) 45 kg) of food and at least 21 percent protein. Nutrient information is given on the package label.
Do not use table scraps or treats to supply additional calories. (...)
Treating dogs with encephalitis
(...) Fungal brain infections (caused by cryptococcosis, blastomycosis, or histoplasmosis) are rare causes of encephalitis, as are protozoan infections.
Tick-borne rickettsial diseases, notably Rocky Mountain spotted fever and canine ehrlichiosis, are infrequent causes. These diseases may also involve the spinal cord. (...)
Causes and diagnosis of limping and lameness in dogs
Having identified which leg is involved, try to identify the specific site and possible cause. First examine the foot and look between the toes. Many cases of lameness are due to foot injuries such as sprains, pad lacerations, broken nails, and penetrating puncture wounds caused by thorns and splinters. (...)
Interesting facts about canine gestation
(...) If vomiting occurs, feed several small meals spaced throughout the day.
By day 40, the nipples begin to darken and enlarge, and the belly is increasing in size. As birth approaches, the breasts enlarge and a milky fluid may be expressed from the nipples. (...)
Labor and delivery in dogs and what you have to do
(...) This is a normal reflex and should not be taken as a sign that something is wrong. Bitches usually deliver lying down, but some may stand or squat.
The cervix opens into the vaginal birth canal. (...)
Tips for choosing a puppy that suits you best
(...) Be prepared when, on the appointed day, you find yourself standing before a litter of bouncing puppies and find that all appear to be equally lovable.
Most puppies look healthy at first glance, but a closer inspection may make some puppies more desirable than others. Take your time and go over each puppy from head to tail before making the final decision. (...)
Heartworm prevention in dogs and puppies
(...) Most dogs should be on a heartworm preventive program.
A prevention program should be started at 6 to 8 weeks of age in endemic areas, or as soon thereafter as climate conditions dictate. In the Deep South, where mosquitoes are a year-round problem, dogs should be kept on preventive drugs all year long. (...)
Guidelines for treating dogs with heartworm disease
Significant toxic reactions can occur, and include loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, jaundice, kidney failure, and death. Caparsolate does not always kill all the worms. Immature worms, especially females, are relatively resistant. (...)
Dogs and puppies with congestive heart failure
(...) It also tends to occur at night, usually about two hours after the dog goes to bed. Dogs may be restless - pacing instead of quickly settling down to sleep.
These early signs are nonspecific and may even be considered normal for the dog's age. (...)
Forms of congenital heart disease that occur in dogs
(...) In these individuals, heart failure can occur suddenly and unexpectedly. Dogs with mild valvular disease or small septal defects are often asymptomatic; the only indication of a congenital heart defect is a heart murmur discovered on physical examination.
The diagnosis of congenital heart defect is based on ECG, chest X-rays and echocardiogram. (...)
Feeding adult dogs is different from feeding puppies
Canned and semimoist products should be fed twice daily, at the same time each day, and the unused portion should be picked up after 15 minutes and refrigerated. Feeding regular meals is the best way to manage your dog's diet.
Caloric requirements differ from dog to dog, but in general, dogs need fewer calories as they grow older. (...)
Tips on feeding growing puppies
(...) 8 to 1.6 percent phosphorus
Is 80 percent digestible
Provides 1,750 metabolizable calories per pound (.45 k) of food
Labels provide recommended daily feeding amounts. (...)
Reviewing commercial dog foods and their compounds
(...) They are available at most supermarkets and grocery stores. These companies spend a good deal of time and energy testing and advertising their products.
To show that their foods contain all the protein, fat, vitamins, and minerals dogs need to grow and thrive, popular dog food makers cite one of two established standards on the label. (...)
Pancreatitis affects dogs and puppies regardless of age
(...) The dog may have a tucked-up belly and assume a prayer position. Abdominal pain is caused by the release of digestive enzymes into the pancreas and surrounding tissue. Diarrhea, dehydration, weakness, and shock may ensue. (...)
Veterinary treatment for dogs with chronic gastritis
(...) Note that in many cases of chronic vomiting the cause is not known.
Hypertrophic gastropathy is a thickening of the mucous membranes of the lower half of the stomach, which can lead to gastric obstruction and food retention. Vomiting occurs three to four hours after eating. (...)
Stomach and duodenal ulcers in dogs and puppies
Other conditions that predispose a dog to ulcers include all forms of liver disease, kidney failure, extreme stress (from severe illness or major surgery), chronic gastritis (particularly the eosinophilic type), and shock. Mast cell tumors of the skin can cause ulcers. This is because these tumors produce and release histamine, which is a powerful stimulant to acid secretion. (...)
Treatment guidelines for dogs with Megaesophagus
(...) Peristaltic activity stops at the level where the esophagus is paralyzed, and food can go no further. In time, the esophagus above the inert segment enlarges and balloons out. This can be seen by lifting the puppy by his back legs and looking for a bulging out of the esophagus at the side of the neck. (...)
Treating dogs with Pharyngitis and Tonsillitis
Although dogs usually get the infection from human members of their family, and not vice versa, to eliminate the bacteria in households with recurrent strep throat, consider treating pets as well as family members.
The tonsils are aggregates of lymph tissue located at the back of the throat in dogs, as they are in people. They may not be visible unless they are inflamed. (...)
Dog teeth and gums brushing
(...) Start the program when the dog is young and her gums are still healthy. If the dog develops periodontal disease, you will need to brush the teeth every day.
Avoid giving your dog objects to chew that are harder than her teeth. (...)
Correcting malocclusion in dogs and puppies
(...) Most malocclusions are hereditary, resulting from genetic factors that control the rate of growth of the upper and lower jaws. Some incorrect bites are caused by retained baby teeth, which push the erupting adult teeth out of line.
Overshot bite occurs when the upper jaw protrudes beyond the lower jaw, causing the upper teeth to overlap the lower teeth without touching. (...)
Treating dogs with external otitis
(...) Foreign bodies such as grass seeds and foxtails, and growths in the ear canal, are other predisposing causes. Ear mites can precede bacterial otitis.
Iatrogenic causes of infection include using cotton-tipped applicators to clean the deep recesses of the ears, allowing water to get into the ears during bathing, excessive and improper cleaning of the ears, and a grooming routine that calls for plucking or clipping hair in the external ear canals. (...)
Labyrinthitis is an inner ear disease in dogs
Idiopathic vestibular syndrome is a disease of unknown cause that affects middle-aged and older dogs. It is the second most common cause of labyrinthitis. The onset is sudden. (...)
Signs of stomatitis or sore mouth in dogs
(...) Vincent's stomatitis; necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis) is an exceptionally painful stomatitis caused by a variety of bacteria. There is a characteristic serious mouth odor, accompanied by brown, purulent, slimy saliva that stains the front of the legs. The gums are beefy red and bleed easily. (...)
Avoiding ear problems in dogs
(...) Grass seeds and awns frequently cling to the hair surrounding the ear openings and then drop into the canals. Because the ear canal has an L shape, foreign bodies can become lodged down in the canal and it can be difficult to thoroughly clean the ear without sedation. To avoid this, always groom under the ear flaps, especially after your dog has been running in tall grass, weeds, and brush. (...)
Otodectic mites live in the ear canals of dogs
Ear mites can be identified by removing a specimen of wax with a cottontipped applicator and looking at it under a magnifying glass against a black background. Mites are white specks, about the size of the head of a pin, that move.
Treatment: Once the diagnosis has been made, all dogs and cats in the household should be treated to prevent reinfestation. (...)
Signs that your dog has a nasal irritation
(...) Nosebleeds also occur with bleeding disorders such as von Willebrand's disease and hemophilia. Trauma, such as banging the nose, may also lead to some bloody discharge. If you see blood in the nasal discharge, notify your veterinarian. (...)
PRA or Progressive Retinal Atrophy in dogs
(...) Other behavioral changes also suggest loss of vision.
Early onset slow progression PRA causes night blindness during the first year of life but dogs may retain daylight vision for a year or longer. Breeds affected by this type of PRA include the Akita, Miniature Schnauzer, Norwegian Elkhound, Tibetan Terrier, Dachshund, and Gordon Setter. (...)
Retinal diseases that affect dogs and puppies
CERF was established in 1974 with two purposes:
To screen purebred dogs for inherited eye diseases and issue certificates to those free of disease.
To collect research data on the incidence of various inherited eye diseases.
In 1989, the activities of CERF were combined with those of the Veterinary Medicine Data Bank at Purdue University. (...)
Dogs with glaucoma are in danger of becoming blind
Secondary glaucoma is a complication of another eye disease such as uveitis, displacement of the lens, or trauma to the eye. Treatment of secondary glaucoma is directed toward the underlying eye problem.
Glaucoma may also be acute or chronic, depending on how quickly the signs develop and how long the glaucoma has been present. (...)
Anterior uveitis in dogs also known as soft eye
It may appear hazy or cloudy due to inflammation in the anterior chamber. A distinguishing feature of anterior uveitis (but one that is not always present) is that the affected eye feels softer than the normal eye.
The diagnosis is made by a complete veterinary eye examination. (...)
Dogs with cataracts require surgical treatment
(...) Puppies fed milkreplacement formula that is deficient in arginine can develop bilateral cataracts. Newer formulas have been adjusted for this problem.
Senile cataracts are a major cause of blindness in dogs 6 to 8 years of age and older. (...)
Steps to take if your dog goes blind
(...) This doesn't tell you whether the dog is able to form a visual image.
One way to test eyesight is to observe the dog in a dark room in which the furniture has been rearranged. As the dog begins to walk about, see if he moves with confidence or hesitates and collides with the furniture. (...)
New ways of controlling fleas in dogs
(...) However, because mature fleas aren't affected, it will take 30 to Two months or longer for that adult fleas on the dog to die of old age before you notice a reduction in itching and scratching.
For more immediate results, and particularly when the dog is struggling with flea allergy dermatitis, Program should be coupled with a flea shampoo or another topical insecticide treatment. Advantage or Frontline could be put into Program to kill adult fleas within one to 2 days. (...)
Suggestion of a dog flea control program
(...) Note that many products that are secure for dogs aren't safe of these other pets. Any product that contains permethrin, even when it's called safe for cats, is potentially toxic. The next protocol for eliminating fleas may be used only when your dog isn't on the monthly flea-control program. (...)
Atopic dermatitis in dogs and the treatment it involves
(...) Some dogs have indoor allergies (usually house dust, grain, mites, or molds), so that they may react all year-round from the beginning.
In early canine atopy, itching is seasonal and also the skin looks normal. Dogs scratch in the ears and undersides of the body. (...)
Dogs with irritant and allergic contact dermatitis need treatment
(...) This really is allergic contact dermatitis. This rash is indistinguishable from that of irritant contact dermatitis, but appears after repeated exposure and frequently spreads at night site of contact.
Allergic contact dermatitis could be brought on by chemicals found in soaps, flea collars, shampoos, wool and synthetic fibers, leather, plastic and rubber dishes, grasses and pollens, insecticides, petrolatum, paint, carpet dyes, and rubber and wood preservatives. (...)
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