Visual Arts Articles
Billy Wilder and Ace In The Hole
- ...ademy Awards, taking home three, including one for Wilder in the category of Best Writing, Story and Screenplay. Perhaps it was the success of that fi...
Kate Barker is Bloody Mama
- ...e Lucky Luke comic strip, Ma Beagle and the Beagle Boys characters in Scrooge McDuck), but in real life Ma Barker wasn't the criminal mastermind of po...
A closer look on digital aesthetics
- ...ever, as judgements of taste and aesthetic quality are not only subjective but social value judgements, critics have recently emphasized that such cat...
Early landscape images
- ...te. I came, I saw, I photographed. Photography allows the individual to pay homage to beauty and achievement as if in some religious ritual.
Photomontage in the media
- ...not get unduly agitated or concerned over these images because advertising images have always occupied a world that is not entirely ‘real&rsqu...
Techniques of political photomontage
John Heartfield was influenced by Dadaism and the newly emerging socialism in the Soviet Union. Sergei Tretyakov, a Russian born w...
Latest "Visual Arts" Articles
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Smudge, sharpen and adjust photo brightness in Photoshop
(...) You can definitely quickly and easily adapt the edit tricks.
If your goal would be to adjust the image brightness or even the contrast of the photo, then open that image in Photoshop, go to "Enhance", then choose "Adjust Lighting", then "Brightness" or "Contrast" in order to show the dialog box. Then, all you've got to complete would be to adjust the 2 sliders of brightness and contrast before you apply such effect on the photo, and then click ok and save the photo using option "File" and then "Save". (...)
Apply popular photo effects with Photoshop
(...) For instance, for any quite interesting combination you should try the embossing photo effect and after that texturizing your photo. You might enjoy it! However, if you are inspired to visit past the Photo editor software kit, then you can examine out several of the many Photoshop effects.
For instance, one of the most widely used effects you can apply on the photo may be the "Chalk and Charcoal" effect. (...)
How to use layers in Photoshop to modify your photo
(...) Scale a photograph by selecting "Image", after that "Resize", then "Image Size". Once you did this, for fine tuning, choose "Image", then click on "Resize" and then choose "Scale". You need to scale the photos down instead of up, due to the fact that images that are scaled up become significantly more pixellated and grainy, too. (...)
Handle photo tags in Photoshop
(...) The 2nd step would be to choose the photos that you need to tag and then right click and choose the "Attach Tag" option and go to the tag you need to attach. Then appears an icon with the tag you've selected in the photo's corner. You cannot delete the default tag choices, however, you are eligible to include your own. (...)
Choose the best printer, ink and paper to print your photos
You are able to print from your own camera while using USB cable, simply by plugging the memory card of your camera in to the printer, or you can as well transfer your pictures to your PC and print them from the photo editing software, or even a viewing program. In addition here, you can also employ the printing services that can be found at local retailers or all around the Web.
If you intend to purchase a printer and employ it in order to print top quality photos, then remember that if you compare printers before buying, firstly look into the price of the paper and inks, along with other consumables for every printer. (...)
How to take great digital pictures as a beginner
The guidelines concerning the art of taking good photos are just the identical for camera pictures because they are for that photos taken using the old, film cameras. Good and effective lighting and the very careful composition and also the focus on detail would be the elements with regards to taking photos that aren't good, but magnificent.
How to perfectly compose your photo
Choose your primary priority and after that attempt to frame your picture in such a manner that it eliminates the sun and rain that may distract the one that compares the picture from your subject. (...)
Document yourself in advance for perfect vacation photos
(...) With the addition of some planning and preparation towards the process, you may be returning with a few photos that actually tell the storyline, photos that are not only seen nice to check out, but that also interest those you share those photos with.
Planning your vacation photos
Firstly, start planning your vacation photos as if you would plan your whole trip. Planning is that secret to creating excellent vacation pictures, whether or not they're for any print album or a web site. (...)
Tips for a great wedding photoshoot
Unlike the copyrighted, pro wedding photoshoot, you can freely post these photos on sites as well as share all of them with everyone in the family. Jot down a listing of the most significant moments that you need to capture in the wedding photoshoot and plan everything properly.
Whenever you get the exact photos you want to capture in a wedding, recall the exchange of rings, finding that or even the first bite of the wedding cake. (...)
Digitizing pictures for the protection of old photos
(...) If this sounds like your case, then you have to do as instructed given by the manufacturer.
Following the welcome screen for scanner and camera wizard opens, click on the "Next" button in order to maneuver towards the "Choose Scanning Preferences" screen. There, choose the kind of photo that you wish to scan in the "Picture Type" buttons. (...)
Easily create an electronic family album
If you could be aware of number and also the size of the pictures that you will get from somebody for the electronic family album, send a sizable padded mailer that is self addressed, specifically for the photos, that is marked with "photos, please not bend", with lots of room for that pictures. If somebody is sending a box full, you can then potentially have to transmit them that postage in advance.
Whenever you need to find also to create the electronic family album with as numerous identifying details as you've, it might be a good idea to create an archival file, where you can range from the printouts of the identifying details for each and every single photo, only for quick reference. (...)
Using photoshop effects for more interesting photos
(...) Once you have done this, a dialog box appears, and also you must mode the sliders in order to get the special effect that you would like. In addition for this, you will find the possible ways to choose the size of the tile, as well as the quantity of shadow in the grout spaces and also the width of the grout. Once you experienced these steps, click on the OK button and then save your file. (...)
How special effects became an integrated part of films
An example of a special effect that can be accomplished "in the lab" is a traveling matte, which combines into one image shots that are filmed in the studio with those that are filmed on location.
The combination of the two approaches is in evidence whenever back projection or front projection are used. Special effects are used in most films, although they can be found in greatest abundance in horror, fantasy, and science-fiction movies. (...)
How did Hollywood become what it is now
(...) In 1903, the sleepy little community was incorporated as a village, taking the name of the ranch as its own.
Meanwhile, the American film industry was growing by leaps and bounds in New York. It was, essentially, an East Coast business. (...)
Horror movies and what they mean to the film industry
(...) The movie was a sensation, assuring a spate of sequels that have conferred a certain cinematic immortality that not even a celluloid spike could end. Lugosi often reprised his role as the vampire, and he was not the only actor to do so.
The acknowledged masters of the horror film in the 1990s were the veterans Wes Craven and JOHN CARPENTER. (...)
When did the fantasy films emerge in Hollywood
High fantasy took the low road in the 1940s with cheaply made Arabian Nights tales starring Sabu, Maria Montez, Jon Hall, and Turhan Bey. Bordering on high fantasy, however, was the ever-so-charming Douglas Fairbanks Jr. gem, Sinbad the Sailor (1947). (...)
How the Godfather movies made Hollywood history
ROBINSON and Danny Thomas. Coppola's first choice, however, was LAURENCE OLIVIER, who turned it down. His second choice, Marlon Brando, wanted the role, but Paramount didn't want Brando. (...)
How the Famous Players Company became Paramount Pictures
Of course, nothing succeeds like success, and Famous Players had competition from companies such as Popular Plays and Players, Paralta Plays, and Jesse L. Lasky's Feature Play Company. Lasky was strong enough competition to force a merger with Famous Players in 1916, with the company renamed Famous Players–Lasky. (...)
What is a black movie or a black comedy
As deeply pessimistic as the 1940s films noir were, they had nothing on the violence and gloom and doom of their early 1950s counterparts. For instance, The Enforcer (1951) presented a society in which it seemed as if criminals ruled everywhere except inside police headquarters. In The Big Heat (1953) Lee Marvin, the villain, displayed unprecedented sadism by scarring Gloria Grahame's face with scalding coffee. (...)
Gone with the wind remains one of the best movies ever made
(...) Beyond marketability, the movie was troubled from the start by production problems. For instance, Clark Gable didn't want to play Rhett Butler despite the fact that he was the overwhelming choice for the role among movie fans. Only after strong studio pressure did he agree to accept the part. (...)
What is the establishing shot and what does an executive producer do
(...) WARNER at Warner Bros., and HARRY COHN at Columbia were the ultimate executives in charge of production. By the 1940s, however, there began to be exceptions, and producers with clout sometimes received recognition by being given executive producer status on certain pictures. (...)
Costume designers and costumers work with celebrities every day
(...) When costumes for the extras are needed, they are often rented by the costume designer rather than made. If there is a contemporary crowd scene, it is up to the costume designer to instruct the extras in advance as to how they must dress from their own wardrobe.
While famous couturiers have often designed the clothing of individual stars in films (e. (...)
What are cult movies and why are they initially ignored
(...) Low-budget movies are the ones most likely to be rediscovered as they are released with the least fanfare. For example, a stylish little film called Gun Crazy (1949) by JOSEPH H. LEWIS was resurrected by film critics and scholars, as was the brilliant SAM FULLER film Shock Corridor (1963). (...)
What are custard pies and cutaways
(...) For example, filmmakers have cut away to dogs covering their eyes with their paws when two lovers kiss, flowers wilting when a pompous person begins to speak, a volcano erupting when someone loses his or her temper, and so on.
Cutting on action
Splicing together a shot of a character in motion taken at one angle and a second shot of that same character while still in motion from a different angle. The purpose of this technique, used by directors and editors, is to make scenes more lively and less visually static. (...)
A few facts about movie directors and disaster films
(...) DEMILLE. Directors also occasionally star in their own films, but in these cases, they generally tend to act as the producer, as well. Some of the best-known examples of these multitalented individuals are CHARLIE CHAPLIN, CLINT EASTWOOD, and WARREN BEATTY. (...)
What exactly is movie distribution and how is it done
The exchanges proliferated, becoming the device through which films were routinely distributed. Producers sold their product to the middlemen at the exchange, who, in turn, rented the films to theaters. As the studio system solidified in the 1930s, the major film companies had little trouble with distribution because they also owned their own theater chains. (...)
How Columbia Pictures became a major Hollywood corporation
(...) For the next 10 years, his remarkable comedies and dramas, including It Happened One Night (1934), Mr. Deeds Goes to Town (1936), and Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) - which won every major Oscar for 1939 - vaulted the studio into the front rank. (...)
Every digital image that has been captured can be enhanced further
(...) Go to the ‘File’ menu and select ‘Save As’. Select JPEG from the Format menu. Label the file with a short name with no gaps or punctuation marks (use an underscore if you have to separate two words) and finally ensure the file carries the extension . (...)
At first glance some digital cameras can appear to be complex
(...) The SLR is the most popular camera used by keen amateurs and professionals. The term SLR (single lens reflex) describes the way we view the image with this type of camera.
The SLR camera allows for the lens to be changed and uses a larger sensor that increases image quality over the small size of sensors used in digital compact cameras (even though the number of megapixels may be the same, the size of the DSLR sensor will be larger than the equivalent fixed lens camera). (...)
The initial connection with the subject is crucial for a portrait
(...) If the photographer continues to observe the subject after having been noticed the subject’s sense of privacy can be invaded and the photographer’s chance for an amicable contact can be lost. Most people will gladly cooperate if a friendly connection has first been established.
Directing the subject
The photographer should display an air of confidence and friendliness whilst directing subjects. (...)
The physical surroundings included in a portrait
(...) Using a plain backdrop with limited detail can retain focus on the individual being photographed whilst choosing an informative location can extend the communication and design possibilities. If the photographer is to reveal any connection between the subject and the background the two elements must be carefully framed together. Vantage point and the relationship and connection between foreground and background become major design considerations for the portrait photograph. (...)
Early landscape images
In order to avoid a stereotypical representation it is important to connect emotionally with the environment in order to express something personal. How do you as an individual feel about the location and what do you want to say about it?
Early landscape images
Early landscape images were either created as factual records or looked to the world of painting for guidance in such things as composition and choice of content. Fox Talbot described his early photographs as being created by the ‘pencil of nature’. (...)
Surrealism followed Dadaism and photography was found
(...) Inspired by the work of these surrealists Angus McBean, in the 1930s, produced a whole series of photomontages of actors and actresses. The photographs are a strange mixture of fantasy and portraiture where the character is often surrounded by props from their current play.
David Hockney has used photomontage in many of his works. (...)
Photomontage in the media
Minor blemishes to the model’s near perfect skin are removed, the color of their lipstick or even their eyes can be changed to suit the lettering or the color of their clothes. Many women aspire to these models and their looks, and yet these people don’t exist. It is important to remember that a publication is a product, whether it is a fashion magazine or a daily newspaper, and as such editors may be more interested in sales than in truth. (...)
Techniques of political photomontage
Techniques of political photomontage
Text: Text included with most photomontages sets out to reinforce the message of the photographer or artist. The words can remove any possible ambiguity that the viewer may find, draw the attention to the conflict in the images or contradict the images entirely, thus establishing a satirical approach to the work.
Recognizing the familiar: The viewer is meant to recognize familiar images, paintings, photographs, advertising campaigns, etc. (...)
A photomontage is an image that has been assembled from different photographs
(...) The technique of ‘combination printing’ allowed the photographer to photograph each model individually and then print them on a single piece of paper, masking all the areas of the negative that were not needed.
A famous combination print of the Victorian era is called ‘Two Ways of Life’ by Oscar Gustave Rejlander, produced in 1857. As many as 30 negatives were used to construct this image. (...)
Distortion using the camera Lens distortion
(...) Subject matter in the distance looks much further away.
The overall effect is one of ‘steep perspective’. Zooming - For this technique you need to use a lens that can alter its focal length, i. (...)
Broadway and Hollywood have very much in common
(...) Their lower admission price was a considerable advantage. Theater road shows were severely affected by the new competition as large, new movie theaters (as opposed to nickelodeons) and ornate movie palaces were built across the country. Robert McLaughlin reports in his book Broadway and Hollywood that in 1912 there were 205 road-show companies on tour in the United States. (...)
The invention to which Hollywood owes its existence is the camera
(...) The year was 1895, the year in which the movies were born.
From 1895 until the late 1910s, various early movie cameras were beset by mechanical problems. For the most part, they were crudely made wooden boxes that often caused a jarring jerkiness and flickering in the images they recorded. (...)
What are character actors and who are the most famous ones
(...) One of the premier actors in this type of role was certainly Edward Arnold, who was always well cast as a corrupt businessman or government official. He was director FRANK CAPRA’s favorite villain in films such as Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) and Meet John Doe (1941). (...)
Child stars who they are and what brought them to fame
Coogan’s phenomenal success led HAL ROACH to put together an endearing crew of child actors who became the comedy group OUR GANG. Among the silent stars of the Our Gang shorts were Joe Cobb and Mickey Daniels. Later, during the 1930s and early 1940s, the group was blessed by having among its members, Spanky Macfarland, Carl “Alfalfa” Switzer, Darla Hood, and Buckwheat Thomas. (...)
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